Cataracts

Envision Eyecare

Leonard Fuzaylov, O.D.

Optometrist, Eye Doctor & Eye Center located in Flushing, NY

Cataracts are an age-related eye condition that affects around 90% of Americans over the age of 65. Leonard Fuzyalov, OD, diagnoses, monitors, and treats cataracts at Envision Eyecare in Flushing, Queens, New York. If you’re concerned about cataracts or other age-related eye conditions, call Envision Eyecare or schedule an appointment online today.

Cataracts Q & A

What are cataracts?

You have a lens in your eye that focuses light as it enters through your pupil. As you age, the lens thickens and the proteins that comprise it clump together, which leads to a clouding effect. Cataracts usually develop slowly after the age of 40, and most patients don’t even notice a change in their vision until their mid-50s or early 60s. 

Your risk of getting cataracts is higher if you have a family history of cataracts. If you have another health condition such as diabetes, your chances of getting cataracts increases. Additionally, exposure to excessive sunlight can raise your risk of cataracts. 

What are the symptoms of cataracts?

In their early stages, cataracts don’t cause any symptoms. However, as your intraocular lens becomes more clouded and distorts light as it enters your eye, you may notice changes in your vision, such as:

  • Cloudy, blurry, or dim vision
  • Fading or yellowing of colors
  • Increasing problems with night vision
  • Sensitivity to light and glare
  • Needing brighter light to read

If you notice any of these symptoms, make an appointment at Envision Eyecare for a comprehensive exam. Dr. Fuzyalov can test your vision and examine your intraocular lens to diagnose cataracts or another issue interfering with your sight. Having routine eye exams allows Dr. Fuzyalov to monitor your eye health and diagnose cataracts in their early stages. 

How are cataracts treated?

In most cases, Dr. Fuzyalov monitors your cataracts carefully. In their early stages, he can prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses to correct your vision. He may also suggest that you use a brighter light when reading.

However, your cataracts may progress to where corrective lenses and extra light aren’t enough to provide clear vision. When this happens, Dr. Fuzyalov talks to you about surgery. 

Cataract surgery is one of the most common procedures in the United States. Around 3 million cataract surgeries are performed annually. During surgery, an ophthalmologist removes your clouded lens and replaces it with a clear, plastic intraocular lens. The operation takes only about 10 minutes, and in most cases, you have one eye treated at a time.

If you’re due for an eye exam or are concerned about cataracts, call Envision Eyecare or make an appointment online today.