Macular Degeneration

Envision Eyecare

Leonard Fuzaylov, O.D.

Optometrist, Eye Doctor & Eye Center located in Flushing, NY

Macular degeneration is a chronic eye condition and a leading cause of vision loss. At Envision Eyecare in Flushing, Queens, New York, Leonard Fuzyalov, OD, diagnoses macular degeneration and helps manage your condition to protect your vision and eye health. Call Envision Eyecare or schedule a comprehensive eye exam online today.

Macular Degeneration Q & A

What is macular degeneration?

Your macula is the part of your retina that provides your central vision. Macular degeneration is a chronic condition that deteriorates your macula and leads to progressive central vision loss. 

There are two types of macular degeneration: wet and dry.

Dry macular degeneration

Dry macular degeneration is the most common type of the disease. Around 80% of patients with macular degeneration have the dry form. Dry macular degeneration occurs as you age. Your macula becomes thin, and protein deposits called drusen build up on your retina.

Wet macular degeneration

Wet macular degeneration is less common but more dangerous. It develops when abnormal blood vessels in your eyes leak blood and other fluids, which then scar your retina. Wet macular degeneration is linked to diabetes and high blood pressure. 

Some of the risk factors for macular degeneration include:

  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • High-fat diet
  • Age
  • Health conditions such as high blood pressure and diabetes
  • Family history of the disease

The best way to protect your eye health and vision is to have regular comprehensive eye exams.

What are the signs of macular degeneration?

Macular degeneration, like many other health conditions, doesn’t cause noticeable symptoms until your vision is permanently damaged. It causes gradual, painless vision loss. You might notice shadows or abnormal blurriness in your central vision. 

How is macular degeneration managed?

There is no known cure for dry macular degeneration. However, research shows that specific vitamin and nutritional supplements can slow the progression of your condition. For example, Dr. Fuzyalov may recommend that you take:

  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin E
  • Lutein
  • Zeaxanthin
  • Zinc
  • Copper

However, if you have wet macular degeneration, Dr. Fuzyalov can manage your condition with anti-VEGF medication. He injects the drugs directly into your eye, where they reduce the number of abnormal and leaking blood vessels in your eye. 

Additionally, Dr. Fuzyalov may recommend laser surgery to treat wet macular degeneration. The laser energy also reduces the abnormal blood vessels in your eyes and stops leakage. 

If you’re concerned about macular degeneration or if you have a family history of the disease, call Envision Eyecare or schedule an exam online today. Early detection is critical to effectively managing your disease and protecting your sight.